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Apak Khoja Mausoleum

Apak Khoja Mausoleum or Apak Khoja Tomb, also known as Fragrant Concubine Tomb, is located 5km northeast of Kashgar city. It is a mausoleum complex of the Khoja family of the Aktaglik sect (White Mountainair). The Khoja family ruled southern Xinjiang from the seventeenth century to the mid-eighteenth century. Today, it is a key cultural and historical unit protected by the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

Apak Hoja Tomb

Apak Hoja Tomb

It is said that a total of seventy-two persons from five generations of the Khoja family were buried in the mausoleum. It was built around 1640 AD by Yusuf Khoja for himself as a tomb of Muhammad Yusuf who was the father of Apak Khoja. After the Apak Khoja was buried in 1693, the mausoleum was named after him since he was more famous than his father.

The mausoleum is also known as Fragrant Concubine Tomb. It is said that Iparhan (Xiangfei in Chinese), the granddaughter of Apak Khoja was given to Emperor Qianlong as a concubine due to the rich, delicate fragrance of her body. After she died, her body was escorted by 124 people three and half years later back to Kashgar and buried in this mausoleum. Therefore, the mausoleum also has the name of Fragrant Concubine Tomb. According to some historical records, the actual tomb of Iparhan is in the East Qing Tombs in Beijing.

Apak Khoja Mausoleum

Apak Khoja Mausoleum

The Apak Khoja tomb is the most magnificent Islamic building in Xinjiang. It is a tranquil place and a beautiful example of Uyghur Islamic architecture. The dome of the main chamber is 17 meters in diameter, is 26 meters high and 39 meters long at the base. The wall and dome are covered with green glazed tiles. The tiles are decorated with colourful patterns. The dome of individual tombs inside the mausoleum are covered with silk cloths. The whole mausoleum complex consists of high and low mosques, the main gate, great mosque, small green mosque, Madrasa/Madrasah (the Doctrine Teaching Hall),pond, orchard, and chamber tombs hall. Some have been built in recent years. The dome of the main tomb chamber collapsed during a big earthquake and was rebuilt in 1978.

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